What Is a Skeleton Frame? | What Is Building Skeleton? | Use of Steel Frame Structures | Advantages & Disadvantage of Steel Frame Construction

What Is a Skeleton Frame

What Is a Skeleton Frame?

A skeleton frame is commonly called a framed structure. This frame is used for the construction of high-rise buildings.

The frame structure consists of prepared members, such as columns and connecting beams, which support various parts of the building.

Such as interior floors and exterior walls. This beam and column of the structure transfer the load on it to the foundations.

Different types of framed structures are used as required in different constructions. The frame structure is widely used in residency projects, commercial projects, and industrial projects. The structure of this type of frame structure is the skeleton frame.

Different types of skeleton frames are used in the market as per the requirement of the building. Building in a skeleton frame is shaped by connecting different beams and columns.

Materials like steel, bamboo, timber, concrete, etc., are used for skeleton frames.

Skeleton frames were introduced in the 19th century. This type of frame was approved for rapid development and new technology in building construction in the early 20th century. In modern times the use of this frame in high-rise buildings has started to increase as per the need.

What Is Building Skeleton?

Using this type of frame makes the interior floor layout free from immovable walls. And there is rapid and good progress in building work.

Using a variety of materials for the construction of the main part of the building or the open space leads to attractive development.

The use of skeleton frames has largely diminished the importance of masonry in civil construction. Now the architect has increased the decorative role of the designer building due to the use of skeleton frames.

What Is Steel Skeleton Frame Building?

The steel frame structure consists of vertical columns of steel and horizontal beams, as required, which are riveted, welded, or even bolted to each other.

In a steel frame structure, the steel beam in the grid is the horizontal member, which transfers the structure to the load column.

Columns are vertical structural members in a steel frame structure that transfer compressed loads to the base. The steel frame structure can be used to construct a skeleton in a building.

Structural steel framing is generally designed in accordance with the standards applicable to the American Institute for Steel Construction (AISC) and the Canadian Standards Association (CSA). Design, forging, and erection are done accordingly.

Steel frame construction is cost-effective and durable for building projects for high-rise, medium-rise, low-rise, etc.

Steel frame construction has become a sustainable and reliable method of construction in modern times. Therefore steel frame structure is widely used in the market.

The frame is usually covered in the form of fire-resistant structures such as masonry and concrete to protect it from fire.

Because steel is prone to crack at high temperatures, this can lead to cracks in the building. In addition, there is a risk of collapse.

Bricks, stone, reinforced concrete, architectural glass, and sheet metal are used to protect the steel frame structure from the weather.

Use of Steel Frame Structures

1. To Build High Rise Buildings

Structural steel structure resists external forces like wind and earthquakes. Therefore in such a steel frame structure, the steel member will not break but will bend against external factors like storms or earthquakes.

2. To Build Industrial Sheds

The cost of steel in the industrial frame structure is economically affordable. With the ready availability of column and beam sections in the steel frame structure, the industrial structure takes less time to build, and the work becomes faster. As a result, time and money can be saved.

3. To Build Residential Buildings

The steel frame structure is useful for the construction of residential buildings as it is able to withstand external forces like wind, earthquake, and storm. The quality of work can be maintained using a technology called light gauge steel construction for residential buildings.

4. To Build Bridges

Steel has high strength, durability, and tensile strength. Such qualities in steel make it a viable option for engineers, designers, and fabricators to build monumental bridges which can last longer.

5. To Build Parking Garages

The steel frame structure is useful for building a parking garage. The low weight of the structure makes it easy to construct these structures.

Coating steel frame structures can extend their lifespan. The coating on structures of steel structures makes it resistant to corrosion, mold, and worms.

Advantages of Steel Frame Construction

Advantages of Steel Frame Construction

  1. The components of the member used in a steel frame structure are lighter and stronger than concrete products. The weight of a member of a steel structure is 30% lighter than the equivalent of forged wood.
  2. The use of members of steel frame structures has higher tensile strength than wood, bamboo, or concrete products.
  3. The members of the steel frame structure are ready. The steel member is lighter than the concrete member. As a result, the work is faster and less expensive.
  4. The members used in the steel frame structure are highly resistant to fire. Because the steel components are made of alloy metal.
  5. Special flame retardant coatings are applied over the steel frames to resist the fire of structural steel. So that its fire resistance can be increased.
  6. The steel frame structure is useful for building a parking garage. The low weight of the structure makes it easy to construct these structures.
  7. Steel has high strength, durability, and tensile strength. Such qualities in steel make it a viable option for engineers, designers, and fabricators to build monumental bridges which can last longer.

Disadvantages of Steel Frame Construction

Disadvantages of Steel Frame Construction

  1. Buckling is a defect occurring in steel structures. As the length of the parts of the steel member increases, the probability of buckling increases.
  2. Steel is produced only at steel plants, and transportation over long distances to the construction site becomes expensive.
  3. Parts of the steel structure have to be inspected periodically. Corrosion makes painting expensive.
  4. Despite the flexible material of its member in the steel frame structure, if one or more of its components do not fit properly into the structure. So improving the whole structure is challenging. Because the parts of the steel frame structure are strong and durable, no one will be able to repair it. Or it cannot be given any ideal shape.
  5. The frame is usually covered in the form of fire-resistant structures such as masonry and concrete to protect it from fire. Because steel is prone to crack at high temperatures, this can lead to cracks in the building. In addition, there is a risk of collapse.

Like this post? Share it with your friends!

Suggested Read –


Frequently Asked Questions

What Is a Skeleton Frame?

A method of construction is done by creating a frame of thin pieces of wood, steel, or concrete and hanging an exterior material – such as glass, brick, steel, or stone panels – on the outside.

Skeleton Frame

A skeleton frame is a framed structure often used for the construction of multi-story buildings. It incorporates a network, or system, of columns and connecting beams that support the building’s interior floors and exterior walls and carries all loads to the foundations.

Steel Skeleton Frame

The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof, and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.

Frame Skeleton

A skeleton frame is a framed structure often used for the construction of multi-story buildings. It incorporates a network, or system, of columns and connecting beams which support the building’s interior floors and exterior walls and carries all loads to the foundations.

Steel Frame Skeleton

A skeleton steel frame is made from a series of columns and steel beams which are all connected together. Around the structure’s perimeter, spandrel beams are installed to support masonry walls.

Residential Steel Frame Construction

The steel frame is typically consisting of vertical columns and horizontal beams, which are riveted, bolted or welded together in a rectilinear grid. Steel beams are horizontal structural members that resist loads applied laterally to their axis.

Used Steel Frame Buildings

Commercial Buildings – Steel is a good choice for large commercial buildings, such as skyscrapers, office buildings, and warehouses, since steel frame construction can reduce the material cost and erect time significantly. Steel frame construction can also be used to support curtain walls in high-rise buildings.

Steel Frame Construction

The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof, and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.

Steel Frame Buildings

Steel frame buildings are metal structures consisting of horizontal steel beams and vertical columns welded together in a rectangular grid to support floors, walls, and roofs of buildings. Steel frame structures are used to form the ‘skeletal frame,’ which a building is then constructed around.

Steel Frame Structure

Steel frame, as a whole, is a building technique that uses the combination of horizontal I-beams and vertical columns to create a “skeleton frame” of sorts that supports floors, walls, windows, and the roof of a building – or the general weight of a structure if we’re talking about something non-residential.

Metal Frame Buildings

General Steel provides metal building kits delivered to your job site featuring pre-punched framed openings and all bolt-together construction.

Disadvantages of Steel Frame Construction

  • High Maintenance Costs.
  • Higher Initial Cost.
  • Thermal Conductivity.
  • Reduced Flexibility On-Site.
  • Supporting Structures.

Advantages of Steel Frame Construction

  1. Faster Build Time.
  2. Steel is Eco-Friendly.
  3. Outstanding Durability.
  4. Lightweight.
  5. Lower Costs in the Long Run.

Building Skeleton

In a building using skeleton construction, a skeleton of steel beams holds the floors and the interior and exterior walls up.

Skeleton Frame Construction

a method of construction done by creating a frame of thin pieces of wood, steel, or concrete and hanging an exterior material – such as glass, brick, steel, or stone panels – on the outside.

Steel Skeleton Frame Construction

Skeleton frames can be constructed from timber, concrete, or structural steel components, with the building envelope formed by glazing, brick, cladding, and so on hung on the outside.

Skeleton Steel Framing

A skeleton steel frame is made from a series of columns and steel beams, which are all connected together. Around the structure’s perimeter, spandrel beams are installed to support masonry walls.

Steel Skeleton Construction

Steel skeleton construction
The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof, and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.

Skeleton Steel Framing System

skeleton frame is a framed structure often used for the construction of multi-story buildings. It incorporates a network, or system, of columns and connecting beams that support the building’s interior floors and exterior walls and carries all loads to the foundations.

Skeleton of Building

Building skeleton
A skeleton frame is a framed structure often used for the construction of multi-story buildings. It incorporates a network, or system, of columns and connecting beams that support the building’s interior floors and exterior walls and carries all loads to the foundations.

Steel Skeleton Building

the skeleton steel frame is made from a series of columns and steel beams, which are all connected together. Around the structure’s perimeter, spandrel beams are installed to support masonry walls.

Steel Building Skeleton

The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid.

Steel Frame Structures

Structural steel is a category of steel used for making construction materials in a variety of shapes. Many structural steel shapes take the form of an elongated beam having a profile of a specific cross-section.

Steel Frame Building

The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof, and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.

What Is Steel Frame?

The steel frame is a building technique with a “skeleton frame” of vertical steel columns and horizontal I-beams constructed in a rectangular grid to support the floors, roof, and walls of a building which are all attached to the frame. The development of this technique made the construction of the skyscraper possible.

Is Steel Frame Better Than Wood?

Steel buildings are more durable than wood and more resistant to water damage. Steel will not warp or expand as wood does, and it does not rot, so it will be less likely to attract fungus. Termites and other insects that eat wood will also steer clear of a steel home.

What Is a Portal Frame Building?

In a portal frame, the header extends past the opening and is tied to its wall with overlapping plywood or OSB to stiffen the joint. The panels are attached to the wall studs and to the header with closely spaced nails, and the sill is bolted to the foundation.

How to Frame a Metal Building?

Wood Framing in a Metal Building Shell

Since metal buildings feature column-free construction, you can build non-load-bearing walls almost anywhere and create a second level easily if the building’s height can accommodate it.

How to Steel Frame?

Unlike wood, steel studs are reliably straight. Cut one stud to size and use that, along with a level, to mark the location of the top plate at both ends, and snap a line to guide placement. Don’t worry about cutting your metal studs to fit perfectly. It’s completely unnecessary.

How to Frame Walls Inside Metal Building?

  1. Measure and mark the spots on the wall for the items. …
  2. Select the proper drill bit. …
  3. Drill the hole in the metal wall. …
  4. Insert a bolt into the hole. …
  5. Hang the items on the bolts. …
  6. Apply caulk around the bolts on the exterior side of the building.

Leave a Comment