11 Different Types of Wood and Their Uses

all about of wood

What Is Wood?

What Is Wood?

Wood, known by various types of wood names, has been used as fuel and building material for thousands of years.

Which ranks second in the world of construction after stone in terms of its history.

Wood is a fibrous, heterogeneous, and anisotropic type of natural structure derived from trees.

Wood is the oldest building material used in construction.

Wood has been used for human shelter and protection since ancient times.

Nowadays the demand for wood for various purposes is increasing.

Due to the inability to grow new trees instead of the removed ones and deforestation for various reasons, the price of timber has gone up.

In modern times wood has been used due to its usefulness as it competes with metals, plastics, cement, and other materials.

In the age of new technology, the properties of wood continue to expand through new uses.

Wood has been used in various industries in well-known products such as mango wood bedroom furniture, mango wood bar stools, and plywood.

In addition, wood is the raw material for many chemical products.

Such as in wood-based panels, pulp, paper, etc.

For years wood has been used as an important fuel in most countries of the world.

SAN DIEGO, Kali launched GeoWood in 2018, providing a layer of revolutionary brazilian teak engineered hardwood flooring of real timber on a waterproof core called GeoCore.

The cost of engineered timber flooring like this is often more affordable than traditional hardwood.

This type of wood offers ash wood flooring and ash plank floor with water resistance.

Which cost less than solid wood planks. The entire Geowood collection is the result of wood types names like real oak, hickory, maple, walnut, bamboo, etc

Also Read: Types of Wood Siding for Houses


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What Are the Uses of Wood in Construction?

What Are the Uses of Wood in Construction?

The various uses of wood in construction can be described as follows

  1. Wood is easily available anywhere as it is a natural resource. As a result, it is economically feasible to use wood as a building material.
  2. It is available in different types, in different places, in different quality. And since wood is light in weight, the work can be done easily.
  3. Wood has thermal properties. Which is extremely resistant to high temperatures.
  4. Wood absorbs relatively more heat than materials such as aluminum, marble, steel, or glass.
  5. Due to the sound and echo absorption properties of wood, it is suitable for use in office and residential construction.
  6. Wood paneling is very popular, especially for decorative ceilings, covering irregularities and simplifying the fitting of ventilation systems.
  7. Wood material for building is effectively resistant to earthquakes and various climatic heterogeneous conditions. Wood has properties that can completely prevent rot by using it with a chemical liquid for the destruction of bugs.

11 Different Types of Wood and Their Uses

11 Different Types of Wood and Their Uses

Wood can generally be classified as softwood and hardwood. Density is the main factor of wood strength.

The strength of hardwoods is stronger and more durable than softwood.

Hardwoods are used in the construction of ceilings, walls, and floors in buildings.

When softwoods are used to make doors, furniture, and window frames as part of building interiors.

There are different types of softwood and hardwood available in the market.

These include oak, maple, mahogany, cherry, walnut, and teak as the most popular hardwoods. Softwoods usually include pine, hickory, beech, ash, birch, and cedar.

1. Cedar Wood

Cedar Wood

Cedar wood is a knotted softwood with a reddish-brown texture with light lines.

Cedar is softer than other species of softwoods. Cedar wood is commonly used as highly resistant to decay and insects This type of wood is naturally fragrant.

This type of wood is found in India, mainly in Kashmir and Assam.

Uses of Cedarwood

Cedarwood is used to make closets for clothing storage.

Cedarwood is used in clothing collections as it is naturally antibacterial and antifungal.

The use of cedarwood has been very prevalent since ancient times.

A Mediterranean culture – Phenicia – used cedar wood to build houses and ships. In his opinion, cedar grooves are the home of their gods.

2. Spruce Wood

Spruce Wood

This type of wood makes it suitable for construction and crafting work due to its lightweight.

This type of wood is durable and is used for siding construction.

Spruce wood has the highest power of any other wood weight and is suitable for use in instruments such as other music systems.

Spruce is found in various countries such as America, Europe, Asia, Alaska, and Canada. In India, such trees are found mainly in the western Himalayas and Sikkim.

Use of Spruce Wood

Spruce wood is used for the body of sound instruments such as pianos and violins.

Also used in the construction of boats, aircraft, and barrels.

3. Hemlock Wood

Hemlock Wood

The color of the hemlock wood structure is a pale yellow to light brown. Hemlock wood is used in interior work due to its low weight.

It has moderate power. In addition, there is less resistance to decay.

This type of wood is found in various countries such as the United States, Canada, Alaska, England, and East Asia.

Uses of Hemlock Wood

This type of wood is commonly used for interior timberwork, building construction instead of doors, windows, roofs, and stairs, etc.

4. Fir Wood

Fir Wood

This type of wood is valued for its extraordinary strength and weight.

Firwood is commonly called Douglas fir.

The composition of firewood is a straight grain. And its color is red. Its texture is the non-resin type and this type of wood is not resistant to bugs.

Firwood is found in various countries such as North and Central America, North Africa, Europe, and Asia.

This type of wood is also found in Himachal Pradesh in India.

Use of Fir Wood

This type of wood is preferred for heavy structural purposes such as post and beam construction in buildings. Also done for doors, general millwork, etc.

5. Pine Wood

Pine Wood

Pinewood is a common type of durable softwood. Pinewood is economically selected for various projects. These types of trees grow very tall and fast. Many species of pine have very different characteristics.

White pine and sugar pine are also known as clear pine.

Exposure to soil easily causes pine wood to rot.

Pinewood is found in India mainly in the western Himalayas, Assam, and Nagpur.

Uses of Pinewood

Pine wood can usually be used in indoor and outdoor furniture.

It is especially used for doors, windows, and flooring. Notty pine-type wood can often be used for decoration.

6. Rose Wood

Rose Wood

Rosewood is very hard and requires a lot of polishing. The color of its composition is dark reddish-brown.

This type of wood has a unique aroma. This type of woodwork is difficult to do.

There are different types of rosewood such as Brazilian rosewood, East India rosewood, Honduran rosewood, Amazon rosewood, Madagascar rosewood, etc.

This type of wood is found in India mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mysore, Bengal, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Orissa.

Uses of Rosewood

Rosewood is used in various musical instruments, piano cases, tool handles, etc. It is also used in art projects and decorative furniture.

7. Teak Wood

Teak Wood

This type of wood is the most popular type of hardwood. It is yellow to dark brown in appearance.

This type of wood is heavy, strong, and durable. It is weather-resistant and warp-resistant.

The natural oil obtained from teak wood makes the wood long and insect-resistant.

This type of wood cannot burn easily due to the oil in it. This type of wood is much more expensive than other types.

This type of wood is commonly found in central and southern India.

This type of wood is the wood used for furniture in India.

Uses of Teak Wood

This type of wood can be used structurally for wooden framed houses, doors, windows, and partitions. It can also be used as outdoor furniture.

This wood is an excellent choice for garden benches and lounge chairs.

8. Oak Wood

Oak Wood

This type of wood is most commonly used as hardwood. Oak wood is available in the market in two basic varieties.

Commonly known as white and red. Also known as black oak due to the red variety in oak wood.

This type of wood has a very distinct grain and finish type. Oak wood is a heavy, strong, light-colored hardwood.

This type of wood has good resistance to moisture, fungus, and yeast.

This type of wood is found in different countries in America, Asia, North Africa, and Europe.

This type of wood is found in the northeastern parts of India.

Uses of Oakwood

This type of wood is the best choice for bookshelves and cabinets as household and office furniture.

It is also widely used for outdoor furniture.

Due to its moisture-resistant quality, it can also be used in ships and boats.

In modern times specialists use this type of wood for flooring, and veneer production.

9. Maple Wood

Maple Wood

Maple wood also has good strength with a fine texture.

This type of wood is hard enough to resist vibration. It can be used to create pathways.

This type of wood is highly durable and easy to clean.

Maple wood is found in Asia, North America, North Africa, Europe, and Canada.

This type of wood is found in the foothills of India and in other hilly regions.

Uses of  Maple Wood

This type of wood is used in furniture, flooring, cabinetry and kitchen accessories, etc.

10. Ash Wood

Ash Wood

Ashwood structure is hard, heavy, ring-porous wood. It’s essential to consider pest control ashwood measures to maintain its quality.

This type of wood has good elasticity and strength. It has a unique grain composition.

This type of wood has a white to light brown texture.

This type of wood is easy to use with screws, nails, and glue. It helps to give the building an attractive finish. Ashwood is in low demand in the market as compared to other hardwoods.

So this type of wood is more economical than other types.

Uses of Ash Wood

Ash is widely used for structural frames and furniture.

It is used in various products such as making guitars, drum shells, frames, sports equipment, stairs, bats, etc. The ring in its structure gives an attractive look.

Also Read: How Many Footings Do I Need for a Deck?

11. Mango Wood

Mango Wood

Mango wood is a dense and strong type of hardwood.

In appearance, its structure has very attractive grain patterns. This type of wood is lighter than other types. And it has the ability to resist water.

It incorporates many tones and colors due to the unique grain in its body.

Sometimes light shades such as light pink or dark brown with hints of green are also found in its composition.

Uses of Mango Wood

It is used in room and bedroom furniture, tables, kitchen cabinets, entertainment units, bookshelves, etc.

  1. Light Wood Frame Construction
  2. Expensive Wood Types
  3. Timber Frame Wood
  4. Best Hardwood Firewood
  5. Types of Wood for Roofing
  6. Most Common Hardwood Floor

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Frequently Asked Questions

What Is Wood?

a hard substance that forms the branches and trunks of trees and can be used as a building material, for making things, or as a fuel: He gathered some wood to build a fire. She attached a couple of planks of wood to the wall for shelves. Mahogany is a hard wood and pine is a soft wood.

What Is Engineered Wood?

Engineered wood, also popular by different names like composite wood, manufactured board or composite board, is a derivative wood product made from binding or fixing the strands, particles, etc, together with adhesives or other methods of fixation to form composite materials.

What Is Rubberwood?

Rubberwood is actually a medium-density hardwood that is produced by harvesting the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis).

What Is Engineered Hardwood?

An engineered wood floor is constructed of layers of both hardwood and plywood, whereas solid hardwood is a solid piece of wood with no layers.

What Is Manufactured Wood?

Manufactured wood, commonly referred to as MDF is made through the process of heating, gluing, and compressing wood chips and sawdust together to create a wood-like composite.

What Is Acacia Wood?

Acacia wood is a type of wood that is derived from The Acacia tree, also known as Mimosa the Australian native Acacia trees and shrubs, which are now also found in Asia.

What Is Pressure Treated Wood?

Pressure-treated wood has gone through a process that uses high pressure to force a solution of water and preservative agents deep into the lumber to help extend its useful lifespan.

What Is Hardwood?

A wood will be classified as hardwood if the seeds that the tree produces have a coating. These coatings can either take the shape of a fruit or a shell.

What Is Veneer Wood?

Plywood consists of three or more layers of veneer. Normally, each is glued with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for strength.

What Is Rubber Wood?

Rubberwood is actually a medium-density hardwood that is produced by harvesting the Pará rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis).

What Is Wood Made Of?

Wood is composed of Cellulose: Cellulose is a polymer (C6H10O5) that can crystallize to form very strong fibers. Cellulose is the primary strengthening material in wood. Lignin: Lignin is also a polymer but is typically in an amorphous form.

What Is Reclaimed Wood?

Furniture which is made up of old timber is called reclaimed wood furniture. Much of old timber comes from old buildings and some carpenter shapes it out in stylish furniture. This kind of furniture can be used in retro furniture and vintage look.

What Is the Hardest Wood?

Meier’s own list ranks quebracho, with a Janka score of 4,570 lbf, as the hardest wood in the world. Quebracho is found in Paraguay and Argentina.

What Is Basswood?

Basswood is a light, soft, and very easily workable type of wood that has become the lumber of choice for many woodworkers interested in quickly and easily.

What Is Fatwood?

Born from the wood of old pine stumps left for waste after logging, it is made from splitting the stumps of pine trees that contain a high concentration of natural resin. As the stump wood hardens over time, the resin or sap concentrates to create an all-natural, 100% organic, chemical-free fire starter.

What Is Teak Wood?

Teak wood is a dense, close-grained type of hardwood that is sourced from the Tectona grandis tree, native to south and southeast Asia.

What Is Sheesham Wood?

Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as North Indian rosewood or shisha, is a fast-growing, hardy, deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian subcontinent and southern Iran. D. sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers.

What Wood Is Toxic to Burn?

Watch out for any wood covered with vines. Burning poison ivy, poison sumac, poison oak, or pretty much anything else with “poison” in the name releases the irritant oil urushiol into the smoke. Breathing it in can cause lung irritation and severe allergic respiratory problems, the Centers for Disease Control state.

What Is the Strongest Wood?

Australian Buloke – 5,060 IBF. An ironwood tree that is native to Australia, this wood comes from a species of tree occurring across most of Eastern and Southern Australia. Known as the hardest wood in the world, this particular type has a Janka hardness of 5,060 lbf.

What Is Ipe Wood?

Ipe Wood Decking, also called Brazilian walnut (Pronounced E-Pay), is a beautiful exotic wood from Central and South America. It’s often used for ipe wood siding due to its durability.

What Is Poplar Wood?

Poplar wood is a species of wood most commonly used in the making of furniture, cabinets, wooden toys, plywood, etc. It is considered a hardwood but is just about as easy to work with as pine boards or other softwoods.

What Is Balsa Wood?

The balsa wood tree, scientifically named Ochroma lagopus, is a relatively fast-growing plant found primarily in Central and South America.

What Is Wood Used For?

Wood has been used for thousands of years for fuel, as a construction material, for making tools and weapons, furniture, and paper. More recently it emerged as a feedstock for the production of purified cellulose and its derivatives, such as cellophane and cellulose acetate.

What Is Mango Wood?

Strong and sturdy, Mango wood is found mostly in India and is used to create a wide range of furniture. Chairs, bar stools, benches, sideboards, cabinets, closets, dining room tables, dressers, desks, etc. anything and everything can be made from it.

What Is Treated Wood?

Treated wood is wood that has been appropriately treated with preservative chemicals with the intent of prolonging its intended usefulness lifecycle compared to untreated wood. Different types of applications and preservatives are used to protect wood fibers from structural degradation. decay fungi. termites.

What Is Burl Wood?

Burled wood is thick and resists splitting, so it’s ideal for building furniture and decor with unique designs. It’s also often cut into thin layers and used as veneer for furniture, musical instruments, automobile paneling, and more.

What Is Kiln Dried Wood?

Kiln-dried lumber is often used to make furniture as it lasts longer and has relatively high strength. The reason it can last longer is that kiln-dried wood has low moisture content. Let’s take a closer look at what kiln-dried wood is, the drying process works, and its benefits.

What Is Melamine Board?

Essentially, melamine is a type of laminate, yet not all laminates are made from melamine. When melamine laminates are made, they’re created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combination into a durable plastic sheet done by applying a certain amount of pressure-per-square-inch to the laminate.

What Is Spalted Wood?

Spalting is any form of wood coloration caused by fungi. Although primarily found in dead trees, spalting can also occur in living trees under stress. Although spalting can cause weight loss and strength loss in the wood, the unique coloration and patterns of spalted wood are sought by woodworkers.

What Is Live Edge Wood?

Live edge or natural edge is a style of furniture where the furniture designer or craftsperson incorporates the natural edge of the wood into the design of the piece.

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